The anatomy section occupies the room dedicated to the Tuscan scientist Paolo Mascagni (1755-1815) on the raised first floor. Mascagni was the first anatomist to describe the detailed structure of the lymphatic system. The museum houses scientific, historical and documentary material regarding Mascagni: human anatomical specimens, plates from his Anatomia universa, and his library and family archives. In the attic there are domestic animals bearing malformations and petrified anatomical specimens. The latter are mostly human organs and foetuses dried by a technique invented by Francesco Spirito in the first half of the twentieth century.
The octagonal cabinet contains human anatomical specimens prepared by Paolo Mascagni in Siena in the second half of the eighteenth century, in order to study the lymphatic system. Read more
The Anatomia universa (1823-1831) is an atlas for medical students that Paolo Mascagni prepared over a period of about 30 years.. Read more
On the second floor, next to the Francesco Spirito collection, two cabinets exhibit various specimens of domestic animals with congenital malformations. Read more