The Botany Section includes various collections. On the ground floor there are terracotta fungi by Francesco Valenti Serini (Valenti Serini room) and his lichen herbarium (Bartalini room), as well as a collection of thin sections of wood (Gabbrielli room). In the basement (Botany room) there are collections of seeds and fruits (Spermoteca), roots and trunk sections (Xyloteca) and herbaria belonging to the adjacent Botanical Museum of Siena University.
One of the most important collections in the museum consists of painted terracotta replicas of fungi created by physician Francesco Valenti Serini (1795-1872) to teach people how to distinguish poisonous and edible mushrooms. Read more
The Spermoteca is a collection of seeds and fruits, to which have been added roots and other dried plant parts, put together between 1875 and 1920. Read more
The Accademia dei Fisiocritici holds modern and historical herbarium specimens. The oldest date to 1780 (Bartalini herbarium) and 1850 (Valenti Serini herbarium). Read more